Most children look forward to learning to read and, in fact, do so quickly. For dyslexic children, however, the experience is very different: For them, reading, which seems to come effortlessly for everyone else, appears to be beyond their grasp. The process whereby they learn to transform what are essentially abstract squiggles on a page into meaningful letters, then sounds, then words, and then entire sentences and paragraphs, seems to be an impossible task.
They grow frustrated and disappointed. Teachers wonder what they or the child might be doing wrong, often misdiagnosing the problem or getting bad advice. Parents question themselves, feeling alternately guilty and angry.
According to author Sally Shaywitz, dyslexia affects one out of every five children ― ten million in America alone. In every neighborhood and in every classroom worldwide there are children struggling to read. For many affected children dyslexia has extinguished the joys of childhood.
Types of dyslexia
There are three main types of dyslexia:
The prominent characteristic of dyseidetic dyslexia, also called visual dyslexia, is the inability to revisualize the gestalt of words. Common symptoms include confusion with letters that differ in orientation (b-d, p-q), very limited sight vocabulary, losing the place because one doesn’t instantly recognize what had already been read, and difficulty learning irregular words that can’t be sounded out.
Dysphonetic dyslexia or auditory dyslexia, on the other hand, is associated with auditory-processing difficulties. These children have difficulty remembering letter sounds, analyzing the individual sounds in words, and sequencing/blending these into words.
Mixed dyslexia or dysphoneidetic dyslexia is when a person struggles with both.
Find the cause to find a cure
Most problems can only be solved if one knows what causes the problem. A disease such as scurvy claimed the lives of thousands of seamen during long sea voyages. The disease was cured fairly quickly once the cause was discovered, viz. a Vitamin C deficiency. A viable point of departure would therefore be to ask the question, “What is the cause of dyslexia?”
To understand what causes dyslexia we need to focus on two basic characteristics:
• Reading is not a natural or instinctive process. It is acquired and must be taught.
• Learning is a stratified process, in which one skill has to be acquired first, before it becomes possible to acquire subsequent skills. It is like climbing a ladder. If you miss one of the rungs, you fall off.
The first rung of the reading ladder
Di dunia kini kita, tiap orang harus dapat membaca….
Unless one has first learned to speak Bahasa Indonesia, there is no way that one would be able to read the above Indonesian sentence.
This shows that language is at the very bottom of the reading ladder. If a child’s knowledge of English is poor, then his reading will also be poor. Evidence that links reading problems and language problems has been extensively presented in the literature. Research has, for example, shown that about 60 percent of dyslexics were late talkers. In order to prevent later reading problems, parents must therefore ensure that a child is exposed to sufficient opportunities to learn language.
The second rung consists of cognitive skills
While language skills comprise the first rung of the reading ladder, cognitive skills comprise the second. There is a whole conglomeration of cognitive skills that are foundational to reading and spelling: focused and sustained attention; visual and auditory processing and processing speed; visual, auditory, sequential, iconic, short-term, long-term and working memory; and logical thinking.
Edublox programs address language as well as the above-mentioned cognitive skills.
How Edublox can help
Edublox offers multisensory cognitive enhancement programs, founded on pedagogical and neurological research and 30 years of experience demonstrating that weak underlying cognitive skills account for the majority of learning difficulties. Specific cognitive training can strengthen these weaknesses leading to increased performance in reading, spelling, writing, math and learning. Edublox programs not only aim at addressing the underlying shortcomings, but also offer application in the form of reading and spelling exercises. Visit the Edublox website for more information.
The only solution for a problem like dyslexia is to address the causes. Until we have done that, the child will continue to struggle.
Overcoming severe dyslexia – Maddie’s story:
Maddie had been diagnosed with severe dyslexia, moderate dyscalculia and ADHD. Click on the image to read her diary and how she improved from the 1st to the 55th percentile in reading after doing Edublox for 35 weeks:
A mother in Fullerton writes about her dyslexic daughter’s progress after two weeks. Also read the surprise update, that was received four years later, on November 14, 2017… Click on the flag to read the story.
Over a period of six weeks, teachers Peggy Anderson and Carole Derrick evaluated Edublox to determine its effectiveness for ADD and dyslexic students. They reported their findings to their colleagues at the Kennesaw State University. Allen, one of their students, was diagnosed with dyslexia. Click on the logo to read his story.
Adam’s reading was slow and halting. He would skip words and sentences and had difficulty understanding what he had just read. Reading used to be so much work for him that he didn’t enjoy it and only read when he had to. Fortunately, his mother found Edublox… Click on the flag to read the story.
Anne showed “dyslexic symptoms” and scored about 1 year behind the average for reading on the national SATs. A year after starting Edublox she scored a reading age of 10.02 years against a chronological age of 9.6 years. Click on the flag to read her story.