Nephrosis: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Nephrosis: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Histopathological image of diabetic glomerulosclerosis with nephrotic syndrome. Click here for licensing details.

Nephrosis is a medical name for a condition that damages the kidneys. Also known as nephrotic syndrome, it occurs when small blood vessels of the kidneys don’t filter waste or remove excess water from the body like they’re supposed to. The damaged filtering system leads to an imbalance of proteins and urine within the body.

Afflicting all age groups, nephrosis is most commonly found in men, though children ages 2 to 6 may also experience its effects.

Symptoms

Swelling (edema) is the most common symptom. It may occur:

  • In the face and around the eyes (facial swelling)
  • In the arms and legs, especially in the feet and ankles
  • In the belly area (swollen abdomen)
    .

Other symptoms include:

  • Foamy appearance of the urine
  • Weight gain (unintentional) from fluid retention
  • Poor appetite
  • High blood pressure
    .
Article continues below...  

.


We Help Children Read. Learn. Achieve.
We offer f
undamental solutions for learning disabilities –

Dyslexia Help: Case Study Presented at Kennesaw State University

The Edublox Program has given hope to a child who knew he was different, tried to fit in with his peers, and experienced failures in any aspects of school. His newly found confidence has allowed him to raise his hand in a classroom, dared him to try written material presented to him, and opened a world of “I can” instead of “I can’t” on new material.
Read More

Carole Derrick, Primary Grades Teacher


Causes

The website Mercksource.com states, “nephrotic syndrome is caused by various disorders that damage the kidneys, particularly the basement membrane of the glomerulus. This immediately causes abnormal excretion of protein in the urine.

“The most common cause in children is minimal change disease, while membranous glomerulonephritis is the most common cause in adults.

“This condition can also occur as a result of infection (such as strep throat, hepatitis, or mononucleosis), use of certain drugs, cancer, genetic disorders, immune disorders, or diseases that affect multiple body systems including diabetes, systemic lupus erythematosus, multiple myeloma, and amyloidosis.

“It can accompany kidney disorders such as glomerulonephritis, focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis, and mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis.

“Nephrotic syndrome can affect all age groups. In children, it is most common from age 2 to 6. This disorder occurs slightly more often in males than females.”

Risks increase with diabetes, lupus, cancers and weakened immune systems, and according to Natural Remedies Encyclopedia the condition may be worsened by eating foods which a person is allergic to. This can include meat, wheat, junk food, greases, synthetic sugars, etc. Medicinal or street drugs can also trigger this condition. Overeating and eating too much protein can also worsen the condition.

Treatment

Treatment of nephrosis includes controlling the disease by treating any underlying medical conditions that may cause it. Commonly prescribed drugs include diuretics to reduce swelling, antibiotics to treat infection and medications to reduce the output of protein. Dietary changes are also usually prescribed for patients diagnosed with nephrosis. Other medications may be necessary depending on the underlying causes and other conditions that may be affected by the disease.

Left untreated, nephrosis may lead to infections, heart and kidney failure.


More About Edublox

Edublox specializes in educational interventions that make children smarter, help them learn and read faster, and do mathematics with ease. Our programs enable learners to overcome reading difficulties and other learning obstacles, assisting them to become lifelong learners and empowering them to realize their highest educational goals.