Dyslexia Case Study: One Year at Edublox Yields “Remarkable Progress”

Dyslexia Case Study: One Year at Edublox Yields “Remarkable Progress”

1.) Background information

 

Young Hannah entered a remedial school in Grade 1 and started attending their weekly occupational therapy, speech therapy and remedial therapy sessions. Before long, she was diagnosed as severely dyslexic.

 

While there are other causes, research has shown consistently that deficits in visual perception and visual memory may cause or contribute to dyslexia.

 

Visual perception refers to the ability to make sense of information taken in through the eyes. This is different from problems involving sight or sharpness of vision. Difficulties with visual perception affect how visual information is interpreted or processed. A child with visual perceptual problems may have 20/20 vision but may have perceptual difficulties.

 

Visual memory involves the ability to store and retrieve previously experienced visual sensations and perceptions when the stimuli that originally evoked them are no longer present. That is, the person must be capable of making a vivid visual image in his mind of the stimulus, such as a word, and once that stimulus is removed, to be able to visualise or recall this image without help.

 

Hannah suffered from deficits in both.

 

Deficits in visual perceptual and visual memory skills

 

Despite all the help afforded at her remedial school and notwithstanding trialling many other products and programs, Hannah’s visual perceptual and visual memory skills were still “below average” by the end of her Grade 5 year. See Hannah’s occupational therapy progress report, dated November 2015, below.

 

Scale: 
3 = Above average (Good)
2 = Average (Satisfactory)
1 = Below average (Experiencing difficulty)

2.) “Excellent improvement” according to occupational therapy report

 

Hannah’s mom enrolled her at Edublox in March 2016. Edublox aims at addressing the underlying shortcomings that interfere with academic performance. Underlying shortcomings include visual perception and visual memory. The assessment below is Hannah’s occupational therapy progress report dated November 2016, nine months after starting at Edublox. While her sensory motor functions and learning skills have improved according to the progress report (they were already “satisfactory” in November 2015), her “below average” visual perceptual and visual memory skills have improved drastically.

 

Visual discrimination: No improvement noted.

Visual memory: Improved from 1 to 3. “Excellent improvement. Well above standard.”

Visual sequential memory: Still a 1. “Excellent improvement, but still below standard.”

Design copying: Improved from 1 to 3. “Excellent improvement. Above standard.”

Figure ground: Improved from 1 to 3. “Excellent improvement. Above standard.”

Spatial relationships: Improved from 1/2 to 3. “Excellent improvement. Well above standard.”

Visual closure: Improved from 1 to 2. “Very good improvement. Now on standard.”

Visual form constancy: Still a 1. “Very good improvement. Just below standard.”

Beery Test: Visual motor integration: Improved from 1 to 2. “Good ability. On standard.”

Beery Test: Visual perception: Improved from 1 to 3. “Excellent improvement. Above standard.”

Beery Test: Motor co-ordination: Improved from 1 to 3. “Excellent improvement. Above standard.”

 


Scale: 
3 = Above average (Good)
2 = Average (Satisfactory)
1 = Below average (Experiencing difficulty)

han-3


3.) Hannah’s mom wrote…

 

 

4.) “Remarkable progress” according to remedial practitioner

 

Below is Hannah’s progress, as evaluated by Dr. Lombard, an educational and remedial practitioner, who has assessed Hannah biennially since 2011.

 

Dr. Lombard used a number of tests to assess Hannah’s progress, including:

 

  • HSRC graded test for skills development
  • Bender-Gestalt
  • Laterality
  • Receptive language
  • Reading, comprehension and spelling
    .

HSRC graded test for skills development

 

This test consists of six subtests. Scoring 0-3 for a subtest is considered to be “below average”, 4-6 “average” and 7-10 “high average”. After joining Edublox Hannah scored “high average” for every subtest.

 

Test 1

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This test assesses the learner’s ability toward VISUAL DISCRIMINATION. Below are Hannah’s scores:

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03/18/2011: 1.5 (below average)
05/03/2013: 6.9 (average)
07/08/2015: 4.7 (average)
05/07/2017: 8.4 (high average)

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Test 2

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This test assesses the learner’s ability toward FINE AND EYE HAND COORDINATION,concentration, laterality, distinguishing of  foreground/background, persistence and perseverance. Below are Hannah’s scores:

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03/18/2011: 3 (below average)
05/03/2013: 4 (average)
07/08/2015: 4 (average)
05/07/2017: 8 (high average)

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Test 3

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This test assesses the learner’s ability toward VERBAL REASONINGconcentration, abstract thinking and cultural/pedagogical background. Below are Hannah’s scores:

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03/18/2011: 5 (average)
05/03/2013: 8.3 (high average)
07/08/2015: 8.3 (high average)
05/07/2017: 8.3 (high average)

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Test 4

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This test assesses the learner’s ability toward ABSTRACT THINKING, visual discrimination, concentration, reasoning and cultural/pedagogical background. Below are Hannah’s scores:

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03/18/2011: 6 (average)
05/03/2013: 6 (average)
07/08/2015: 10 (high average)
05/07/2017: 10 (high average)

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Test 5

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This test assesses the learner’s ability toward NUMBER CONCEPTS, concentration, visual discrimination and cultural/pedagogical background. Below are Hannah’s scores:

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03/18/2011: 0 (below average)
05/03/2013: 2 (below average)
07/08/2015: 6 (average)
05/07/2017: 8.3 (high average)

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Test 6

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This test assesses the learner’s ability toward Gestalt (shape concepts), ANALYSIS/SYNTHESISlaterality, position in space, concentration and fine motor coordination. Below are Hannah’s scores:

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03/18/2011: 3 (below average)
05/03/2013: 6 (average)
07/08/2015: 6 (average)
05/07/2017: 8 (high average)

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Bender-Gestalt

 

This test consists of nine elementary figures that the learner has to copy. The protocol is scored in terms of mistakes that the learner makes, for example rounding an angle or making a circle instead of a dot. The score gives an indication of the visual-motor maturity of the learner.

 

Since joining Edublox, Hannah’s score has improved from “on standard” to “above standard”:

 

07/08/2015: “Hannah copied the figures and achieved a score that is on standard for her expected age level.”

 

05/07/2017: “Hannah copied the figures and achieved a score that is above standard for her expected age level.”

 

Laterality

 

Laterality entails the establishment of a dominant side of the brain – i.e. the grade of superiority of one side of the body above the other side related to sensory input as well as motor ability.

 

Since joining Edublox, Hannah’s midline crossing has improved:

 

07/08/2015: “She still could not cross her midline sufficiently. Her knowledge of lefts and rights is adequate.”

 

05/07/2017: “Midline crossing has improved, as well as knowledge of lefts and rights.”

 

Receptive language

 

Receptive language is the learner’s ability to comprehend or understand language. Hannah was required to listen to sentences varying in length and complexity.

 

Since joining Edublox, Hannah’s ability to understand complex grammatical concepts has improved from “under average” to “average”:

 

07/08/2015:

  • “Elaborated sentences: average
  • “Grammatical morphemes: average
  • “Complex grammatical concepts: under average
    .

05/07/2017:

  • “Elaborated sentences: average
  • “Grammatical morphemes: average
  • “Complex grammatical concepts: average
    .

Reading, comprehension and spelling

 

Hannah’s reading was 3 years and 6 months below her chronological age in 2015. Since joining Edublox in March 2016, this deficit has decreased to only 2 years. In addition, she scored 80% for comprehension:

 

07/08/2015: “Performance yielded an age equivalence that is 3 years and 6 months below chronological age, which explains her low scores for accuracy and comprehension. Her spelling tested on Grade 2 [term 2].”

 

05/07/2017: “Her performance in 2017 yielded an age equivalence that is only 2 years below chronological age.  She, furthermore, got an average of 80% for comprehension. Her spelling tested on Grade 4 [term 1].”

 

Dr. Lombard’s conclusion

05/07/2017: “HANNAH HAS MADE REMARKABLE PROGRESS IN THE PAST FEW MONTHS – in terms of her academic and emotional development.”

 


Edublox Online Tutor offers multisensory cognitive training that enables learners to overcome learning obstacles and reach their full potential. Over the last 30+ years, the company behind the Online Tutor e-learning platform, Edublox, has helped thousands of children to read, learn and achieve through home kits and learning clinics internationally. Our programs are founded on pedagogical research and more than three decades of experience demonstrating that weak underlying cognitive skills account for the majority of learning difficulties. Specific brain-training exercises can strengthen these weaknesses leading to increased performance in reading, spelling, writing, math and learning.