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Showing articles with tag: brain-plasticity | Clear

A Week in Darkness Rewires Brain Cell Networks, Changes Hearing in Adult Mice

New research reveals how a week in the dark rewires brain cell networks and changes hearing sensitivity in adult mice long after the optimal window for auditory learning has passed. With further study, cross-modal learning -- the manipulation of one sense to induce change in another sense -- could be used to help people with disabilities.

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Astronauts’ Brains Change Shape During Spaceflight

MRIs before and after space missions reveal that astronauts' brains compress and expand during spaceflight, according to a University of Michigan study.

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Study: Foot Painters’ Toes Mapped Like Fingers in the Brain

Using your feet like hands can cause organized 'hand-like' maps of the toes in the brain, never before documented in people, finds a new study of two professional foot painters.

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How the Brain Changes When Mastering a New Skill

Researchers have discovered what happens in the brain as people learn how to perform tasks, which could lead to improved lives for people with brain injuries. The study revealed that new neural activity patterns emerge with long-term learning and established a causal link between these patterns and new behavioral abilities.

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Child’s Lobectomy Reveals Brain’s Ability to Reorganize its Visual System

A new study led by Carnegie Mellon University neuroscientists provides the first evidence of how the human brain recovers the ability to function after losing parts of the visual system.

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Babies Who Suffered Stroke Regain Language Function in Opposite Side of Brain

A stroke in a baby -- even a big one -- does not have the same lasting impact as a stroke in an adult. A study found that a decade or two after a 'perinatal' stroke damaged the left 'language' side of the brain, affected teenagers and young adults used the right sides of their brain for language.

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Learning to Read in Your 30s Profoundly Transforms the Brain

New research shows that when adults learn to read for the first time, the changes that occur in their brain are not limited to the outer layer of the brain, the cortex, but extends to deep brain structures in the thalamus and the brainstem. This was observed in illiterate Indian women who learned how to read and write for six months.

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The Brain Is Plastic. And That Is Good News

Your son may be dyslexic, your daughter may have ADHD. Until quite recently these problems were regarded as devastating, but fortunately this is no longer the case. Today we know that the human brain is plastic — that it can change. And that is good news for your children.

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After Learning New Words, Brain Sees Them As Pictures

When we look at a known word, our brain sees it like a picture, not a group of letters needing to be processed. That's the finding from a Georgetown University Medical Center (GUMC) study published in the Journal of Neuroscience, which shows the brain learns words quickly by tuning neurons to respond to a complete word, not parts of it.

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Neuroplasticity: An Extraordinary Discovery of the Twentieth Century

In the past few years neurologists have dismantled, piece by piece, the entrenched view that the human brain is fixed and unchanging in adults. It was long believed that once we grow up, our brains have a set number of neurons performing functions in a fixed way.

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Scientists Unveil the ‘Face’ of a New Memory

A century-old dream of neuroscientists to visualize a memory has been fulfilled, as University of California, Irvine researchers, using newly developing microscopic techniques, have captured first-time images of the changes in brain cell connections following a common form of learning.

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